Il figlio sta sempre male, il papà scopre della muffa nel biberon

Inserito da 4 Marzo, 2016 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :Appelli Generici

Si tratta di una notizia VERA: Il figlio sta sempre male,

il papà scopre della muffa nel biberon

Su Facebook i post allarmati di molti genitori che hanno avuto lo stesso problema, scoprendo muffa e residui all’interno del beccuccio del biberon antigoccia.

Il figlio sta sempre male, il papà scopre della muffa nel biberon
Stanno creando il panico le immagini diffuse su Facebook da alcuni genitori per mettere in guarda dal pericolo nascosto nei biberon di plastica con beccuccio antigoccia per bambini prodotte dall’azienda Tommee Tippee. Marie ha scritto su Facebook: “Il mio amico Simon O’kanada si chiedeva come mai suo figlio fosse sempre malato. Ha rotto la parte del beccuccio del biberon marca Tommee Tippee e vi ha scoperto dentro della muffa”. L’acqua non riuscirebbe a penetrare in quella parte del biberon, che non può essere smontata né pulita.“
Il figlio sta sempre male, il papà scopre della muffa nel bibero

Penny Powell ha condiviso il posto di Marie su Facebook ed è stata inondata di altre foto e testimonianze da parte di altri genitori. L’azienda francese, molto nota nel settore, è finita quindi nell’occhio del ciclone e ha risposto alle accuse: “Siamo consapevoli dell’importanza fondamentale del benessere dei vostri figli e vi assicuriamo che abbiamo testate le valvole dei biberon e i risultati hanno confermato chiaramente che tutto funziona correttamente se vengono seguire le istruzioni per l’uso e la pulizia”. Si tratterebbe quindi solo di un errore da parte dei genitori.

 tazza bambino muffa-2

L’azienda intanto ha diffuso una nota sulla questione. “Desideriamo che tutti siano soddisfatti dei nostri prodotti e cerchiamo sempre di essere all’altezza delle vostre aspettative. Per questo abbiamo ascoltato i nostri clienti e lanceremo una nuova tazza nei prossimi mesi”. Il nuovo prodotto avrà “una valvola con 2 pezzi che potrà essere utilizzata con differenti tipi di liquidi, e sarà più semplice da pulire”. Inoltre, ha aggiunto l’azienda, “stiamo producendo una valvola trasparente disponibile per tutte le mamme e i papà che hanno riscontrato problemi”. La valvola trasparente consentirà di guardare all’interno e avere “la certezza che la valvola sia pulita”. Tutti i dettagli sono disponibili sulla pagina Facebook ufficiale di Tommee Tippee Italia, che infine ha precisato: “i problemi riscontrati sono relativi solo alla valvola monopezzo presente nella nostra gamma di tazze e non riguardano nessuno degli altri prodotti Tommee Tippee”.

Fonte Articolo

Categories : Appelli Generici Tags : , , , , , , , ,

New Scam from Mr.Ahmed Bello – I NEED YOUR URGENT ASSISTANCE!

Inserito da 25 Marzo, 2011 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :English Articles,hoaxes

Pay attention Trash it



Dear Sir/Madam,

How are you today, hope fine. Please this is an invitation forpartnership.Can you in all sincerity partner with me?it is legal and 100%  risk free.

In my department we discovered an abandoned sum of $10.5 million US Dollars.In an account that belongs to one of our foreign customer who died along withhis entire family in a Car Bomb Blast in Iraq.

Since his supposed next of kin died along side with him at the Bomb blast,there is nobody to claim the left over balance in the account. It is thereforeupon this discovery that I and other officials in my department decided to seekyour assistance and present you to the bank as his Next of kin.

If you accept I would give you the guidelines of how we can achieve thistransfer of the balance (10.5Million Dollars) to your account, And we willshare the money 50-50%.

I expect that you will give me your telephone and fax numbers for easycommunication with you and for more details.

Best Regards
Mr Ahmed Bello.

Categories : English Articles,hoaxes Tags : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

today I am a little tired

Inserito da 27 Ottobre, 2010 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :English Articles,hoaxes

An email sent to thousands of addresses picked up on the Internet, beware hidden behind an organization that has nothing to do with a Russian girl. Attention is just a scam!

Hello ????? !!! How are you doing? My name is Albina. I am happy to write to you. I have yours e-mail and I am glad to write to you!. It really brings to me pleasure, that I have received the answer to my letter! I wish to tell at once, that I have sent that message two more other men, from your country But I should To tell, that till this time I have not received more any letters back. I wish to be Fair with you and to have your trust from the first letters! I shall ask you, that you also wer always fair with me. I do not think, that there is a sense to speak lie. You agree with me? I dared to write to the first to whom or through the Internet. I should be grateful to it to my girlfriend Liza. My girlfriend Liza has found the good person through the Internet in the French city Le Mans. They are very happy together. Now they have already concluded marriage and live In France. I am very happy for them. And I as have decided to find the good person Through the Internet. As I did not know the Frenc language, I have decided to search in the USA. I not unitary heard that Americans very good people and among them – very much Remarkable men. You know, I heard many stories about happy marriage The Russian woman and the American men. I wish to tell to you, that I do not search for an easy life. I search for my HAPPINESS in a life. You understand? I like to work, I like to have a fair life. I dream to create family and to care of my husband. I want, that me favourite and also cared. I love tenderness and kindness in the person. Also I love the decent and fair person. I still young and I wish to think of my family. I wish to create family in more goo Conditions for a life. I shall not disappear, I have met some men from Russia, But these attitudes were not long, as the majority of the Russian men roughly in The attitude with woman. Many have propensity to alcohol. I have greater animosities To men who use too much alcohol. I had the father who is seen constantly and fought by my mum. When to me of 8 years, it has bee executed, have died from Alcoholic poisonings. My mum very urgently shouted. But it bore, also it has found good the Man which loves it and is not drunk with alcohol. They live together 19 years. It has replaced To me father. As I spoke earlier to me 30 years. I have been born on December, 5 1980. My growth – 168 centimeters, and weight of 50 kg. On nationality I of Russian, I trust in god, and I am orthodox the Christian. I have been born, and I live in city Izhevsk. It is small beautiful small city city. In it it – is a lot of from Beautiful places: parks, area. My city is located Far to capital of Russia of the city of Moscow. Distance up to my city Izhevsk from Moscow of 1250 kilometers. My favourite season this summer. We with family often leave for limits Cities. I like to spend time in the summer on the nature. I like to go, collecting beautiful flowers. Sometimes easier to lay and look at the sky. To observe from clouds. They sometimes accept very amusing figures. For me summer the best – time. Now in Russia the autumn , here again weather already becomes cool and often there are rains. It is necessary to put on in warm clothes. Often simply it would not be desirable to leave from the house for the reason that it is very cold! I have the maximum economic formation. I have a trade of the economist. But I do not work as the economist because it is very difficult to find free vacancy on an economic trade. In Russia it is very complex to find well paid work but as I very much adored Fitness, I had other rates on study and now I work as the seller in shop. As I should tell to you, that I dont have a computer at home, and I use a computer in the Internet of cafe! I should inform you, that I cannot write to you every day. And consequently I cannot write to you Every day. But I shall try to answer at once all your letters. I also did not think, that so many men will search for love on the Internet! In our city there are no many opportunities to get acquainted with men from other countries. As I awfully address with a computer, my girlfriend Liza has helped me to address with a computer. It to me even has created a structure on site Yahoo. I very much was surprised, when have learned from my girlfriend that it is necessary to use a credit card for this purpose. At me never was a credit card and I could not search for the person on the Internet at all, without the help of my girlfriend. When I saw your profile, my search has stopped on you. I have stopped attention to you. I hope, also, that you will not ignore me? I seem, already have written very much. I am afraid, that there will be no information for the following letter. Attempt humour!!! I shall speak you the rest in the following letter. I would like it, also you have written to me about you directly and Your city. I never was outside of Russia, and it is very interesting for learning to me about your life in America. I placed my photo in my letter. I hope, what you have found its good? I with impatience shall wait to receive news from you. And also me it would be very pleasant, if you will send your pictures for me. Your new Russian friend Albina.

Categories : English Articles,hoaxes Tags : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

BUSINESS OFFER from MR HUANG Bank Manager of bank of Overseas,Taiwan

Inserito da 19 Ottobre, 2010 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :English Articles,hoaxes

hi dude this mail is a fraud,
Trash it, this is a message from a frauder, pay attention at this stupid chain, trash trash

Dear Recipient,
How are you today and business in your country?I am Huang,
Bank Manager of bank of Overseas,Taiwan. I would respectfully
request that you keep the contents of this mail confidential
and respect the integrity of the information you come by as a
result of this mail.I contacted you independently
of our investigation and no one is informed of
this communication.

A British Oil consultant/contractor with the Chinese Solid
Minerals Corporation, Mr.Bowen Atkinson made a numbered time
(Fixed)Deposit of $30,000,000.00 for twelve calendar months
and not too long Mr.Bowen Atkinson died from an airplane crash.
The bank immediately launched an investigation into possible
surviving next of kin to alert about the situation and also
to claim his estate. If you are familiar with private banking
affairs,those who patronize our services usually prefer
anonymity,but also some levels of detachment from conventional
processes.In his bio-data form, he listed no next of kin.In the
field of private banking, opening an account with us means no
one will know of its existence, accounts are rarely held under
a name;depositors use numbers and codes to make the accounts

They are simply awaiting instructions to release the deposit to
any party that comes forward.I am aware of the consequences of
this proposal. If my offer is of no appeal to you, delete this
message and forget I ever contacted you. If you give me positive
signals,I will initiate this process towards a conclusion.I wish
to inform you that should you contact me via official channels;I
will deny knowing you and about this project. I repeat,I do not
want you contacting me through my official phone lines nor do I
want you contacting me through my official email account.I will
always call you and please contact me only through this email
below. My official lines are not secure lines as they are
periodically monitored to assess our level of customer care in
line with our Total Quality Management Policy.

Please observe this instruction religiously.Please, again, note
I am a family man,I have a wife and children. I send you this mail
not without a measure of fear as to what the consequences maybe,
but I know within me that nothing ventured is nothing gained and
that success and riches never come easy or on a platter of gold.
This is the one truth I have learned from my private banking
clients. Do not betray my confidence.If we can be of one accord,
we should plan a meeting, soon. In closing,please observe utmost
confidentiality,and be rest assured that this transaction would
be most profitable for both of us because I shall require your
assistance to invest my share in your country.Upon receiving your
reply, I will then furnish you with a more comprehensive detail
of this transaction and what is required of you.Please reply to
my private Email:
Awaiting your urgent reply.
Yours Sincerely,
Mr Huang

Categories : English Articles,hoaxes Tags : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Natural Disaster BP’s Hayward London ‘No-Show’

Inserito da 22 Giugno, 2010 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :news

LONDON – BP Chief Executive Tony Hayward was a “no-show” at an oil industry meeting in London today, but his presence and the fact of the Gulf oil spill was very much present. Filling in for Hayward was BP’s Chief of Staff Steve Westwell. In his comments he called the spill “…a tragic accident with severe financial consequences and a profound impact on BP.” Those comments were interrupted by Greenpeace protestors who held an anti-BP banner declaring the “The age of oil is over!” They were promptly hustled away by security guards. That wasn’t the only sniping at BP. While generally supportive, Jay Pryor, Global Vice President of oil rival Chevron called the spill “preventable.” We asked him, if Chevron was running the rig, could the accident have been avoided. “We, of course, are competitors and our practices ARE different,” he replied, “but a number of things went wrong.” Steven Newman, President and CEO of Transocean, the owners of the Deepwater Horizon rig, was careful with our questions, too. We asked him whether he would share blame with BP for the accident. “I’m not going to apportion ‘blame’ until I see the conclusions of an investigation now being conducted.” He did not hold back, however, regarding the moratorium on drilling in the Gulf. “There are things the administration could implement today,” he told us, “that would allow the industry to go back to work tomorrow without an arbitrary six-month limit.” And as for the White House’s efforts to “piggy-back” clean energy initiatives on top of spill concerns, Newman bluntly retorted : “The Obama administration should focus on fixing the leak!” After the string of public relations blunders by Hayward, including a recent luxury yachting event, we asked BP’s Westwell what his boss was up to. “He’s staying on top of cleaning the spill,” Westwell told us, “but his number one priority is being Chief Executive and he’s busy in London now.” Hayward’s probably happy he “sailed away” from THIS London gathering.



Categories : news Tags : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Ohio 2 newspapers got anthrax hoax letters

Inserito da 4 Novembre, 2008 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :Bufale e Hoax

CINCINNATI The FBI says two Ohio newspapers were among many in the U.S. that received anthrax hoax letters this week.

Special Agent Michael Brooks said Friday that the letters contained a small packet of sugar that was labeled “anthrax” and had the return address of a California man already in custody.

Brooks said one letter received Tuesday at The Cincinnati Enquirer had been opened and discarded. One that was opened Friday at The Dayton Daily News was tested and found not to contain any toxic substance.

Sixty-six-year-old Marc Keyser of Sacramento, Calif., was arrested without incident at his home Wednesday in connection with the dozens of mailings. Agents said they found 11 more sugar packets labeled “Anthrax Sample” in Keyser’s car.


Categories : Bufale e Hoax Tags : , , , , , , , , , ,


Inserito da 3 Novembre, 2008 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :Bufale e Hoax

A suspicious object found at Main Street in Glenavy has been declared a hoax.

The PSNI said the alert began when staff spotted a bag outside a local shop shortly before 10am

It was later declared an elaborate hoax.

It follows an alert in the village on Friday night, which was also subsequently declared a hoax.


Categories : Bufale e Hoax Tags : , , , , , , , , , , ,


Inserito da 7 Agosto, 2008 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :Award and Press

07/08/2008 17:18:00

The Brothers of Mercy (Misericordia) do not cease to be so even when not wearing the uniform. And ‘the case of Silvio Passalacqua Catenanuova (Enna) that back in 1997 (or so) decided to extend its commitment to the next paying attention to those (not many then) were surfing the net.
Was born HOAX.IT: a portal where you can find all the information to not fall into any trap or scam via computer.
Since then MisericordiaOnLine was for an important and reliable new partners who help us often (and with us our guests) to not bite on fakes humanitarian appeals and pitfalls of any kind. Today graphics has changed and has become even easier to navigate. Hence the idea of spreading his service across our sites, our blog, in short, through all those forms of our presence in the network. To do this, simply insert a small banner on our pages with little effort will provide a valuable free service to our guests and we ourselves become a focal point for security on the network (site

Categories : Award and Press Tags : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Today’s assignment: Coding an undetectable malware

Inserito da 6 Agosto, 2008 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :Exploits,News,Sicurezza

Today’s dynamic Internet threatscape is changing so rapidly, that the innovations and creativity applied by malwareMalware authors can easily render an information security course’s curricular on malware outdated pretty fast, or worse, provide the students with a false feeling of situational awareness about today’s malware that’s driving the entire cybercrime ecosystem at the end of the day. In fact, one can easily spot an outdated academic curricular on the basis of the malware it’s discussing, and whether or not the lecturer is even bothering to imply that antivirus software the way it is, and the way it’s been for the past couple of years, is only mitigating a certain percentage of the threat, next to eliminating it entirely and urging everyone to “keep their antivirus software up to date.”

George Ledin, a professor at Sonoma State University thinks that coding malware helps students better understand the enemy. What is Ledin trying to achieve anyway?

“Ledin insists that his students mean no harm, and can’t cause any because they work in the computer equivalent of biohazard suits: closed networks from which viruses can’t escape. Rather, he’s trying to teach students to think like hackers so they can devise antidotes. “Unlike biological viruses, computer viruses are written by a programmer. We want to get into the mindset: how do people learn how to do this?” says Ledin, who was born to Russian parents in Venezuela and trained as a biologist before coming to the United States and getting into computer science. “You can’t really have a defense plan if you don’t know what the other guy’s offense is,” says Lincoln Peters, a former Ledin student who now consults for a government defense agency.” “

To code an undetectable malware in an academic environment in order to scientifically prove that signatures based malware scanning wouldn’t detect the just coded malware, or to keeping providing a false feeling of security by the wrongly positioned antivirus software? That’s the question Sonoma State University’s George Ledin seems to asking, and he’s naturally receiving a lot of criticism from companies “making their living fighting viruses” reaching such heights as companies speculating on not hiring his students, now capable of coding malware. The companies however, forget one thing – how easy is in fact to “generate” an undetectable piece of malware using the hundreds of malware builders that they are aware of, ones that come very handy for internal benchmarking purposes for instance.

For the past couple of years, antivirus software has been a pure reactive security solution, namely compared to pro-activeThe Race to Zero approaches embraced by the vendors who are in catch-up mode with the malware authors, it was reacting to known threats. Two months ago, Eva Chen, Trend Micro’s CEO made some very bold, but pretty realistic statements on signatures based malware scanning, and how the entire industry was wrongly positioned for the past 20 years :

“In the antivirus business, we have been lying to customers for 20 years. People thought that virus protection protected them, but we can never block all viruses. Antivirus refresh used to be every 24 hours. People would usually get infected in that time and the industry would clean them up with a new pattern file. In the last 20 years, we have been misrepresenting ourselves. No-one is able to detect five and a half million viruses. Nowadays there are no mass virus outbreaks; [malware] is targeted. But, if there are no virus samples submitted, there’s no way to detect them.”

Precisely, so what Ledin is blamed for is in fact an outdated fact by itself starting from the basic nature of how antivirus software works. The very same outdated approach of proving a known fact will be taken by the upcoming “The Race to Zero” undetectable malware coding contest to be held at this year’s Defcon security conference. Moreover, in between vendors counting how much malware they are detecting, taking a peek at publicly obtainable statistics on detection rates for malware in the wild, you will see how dynamic “the best antivirus software” position is, since it literally changes every day. And theoretically, even “the best antivirus software” wouldn’t be able to detect the malware coded by Ledin’s students, or the one that someone requested to be coded for hire, a service that’s been getting increasingly popular these days due to its customerization approach.

Ironically, the IT underground is a step ahead of George Ledin, using distance learning approaches by including videoPinch tutorials on how to use malware kit, including practical examples of successful attacks and providing tips from personal experience while using it. Coding an undetectable malware in 2008 isn’t rocket-science, with do-it-yourself malware builders providing point’n’click features integration that used to be only available to a sophisticated malware author a couple of years ago. Then again, having an undetected malware, doesn’t mean that they’ll be able to successfully spread it and infect millions of users, so from a strategic perspective it’s all about the tactics and combination of tactics that would use in their campaign.

Before you judge Ledin’s vision, ask yourself the following – does coding malware ultimately improve the career competitiveness of his students in the long-term, or isn’t what he’s trying to prove a known fact already?

Written by Dancho Danchev


Categories : Exploits,News,Sicurezza Tags : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

E’ morto a 89 anni lo scrittore Aleksander Solzhenitsyn

Inserito da 5 Agosto, 2008 (0) Commenti

Si tratta di :News


Era l’incarnazione della dissidenza nell’Urss

Mosca, 4 ago. (Apcom) – E’ morto Aleksander Solzhenitsyn, scrittore, drammaturgo e storico russo. Aveva 89 anni.
Solzhenitsyn, grazie ai suoi lavori, fece conoscere al mondo i Gulag, i campi di lavoro sovietici, e per questo gli fu conferito il Premio Nobel per la letteratura nel 1970. Fu esiliato dall’Unione Sovietica nel 1974 e ritornò in Russia venti anni dopo.
Lo scrittore è morto nella sua casa nella capitale russa nella notte tra domenica e lunedi “a seguito di una grave insufficienza cardiaca” alle 23.45 di domenica orario di Mosca (le 21.45 italiane), secondo quanto ha dichiarato suo figlio.
Solzhenitsyn rivelò al mondo la realtà del sistema sovietico nei suoi lavori “Un giorno nella vita di Ivan Denisovic“, romanzo scritto nel 1962, “Il primo cerchio” (1968) e “Arcipelago Gulag” (1973). Premio Nobel per la letteratura nel 1970, fu privato della cittadinanza nel 1974 ed espulso dall’Unione sovietica.
Visse in seguito in Germania, in Svizzera e quindi negli Stati Uniti, prima di ritornare in Russia nel 1994 dopo la caduta dell’Urss. Considerato a lungo come l’incarnazione della dissidenza contro il regime comunista, era autore di una serie di opere fondate sull’esperienza del totalitarismo, con la descrizione di tutti gli orrori dei campi sovietici.
Trascorse sette anni in un campo di lavoro nelle steppe del Kazakistan, poi tre anni al confino in Asia centrale. Riferirà la sua esperienza del gulag – abbreviazione sovietica del sistema dei campi di lavoro – in un breve romanzo, “Una giornata di Ivan Denisovic”, la cui pubblicazione venne autorizzata dal segretario del partito comunista Nikita Kruscev nel 1962, allo scopo di prendere le distanze dagli abusi del periodo staliniano.
Dopo la deposizione di Kruscev nel 1964, Solzhenitsyn rimase vittima di una campagna di denigrazione da parte del Kgb e dell’Unione degli scrittori sovietici da cui venne espulso.
Nel 1970 ottenne il premio Nobel per la letteratura, ma non l’autorizzazione a recarsi a Stoccolma per riceverlo. Tre anni dopo pubblicò a Parigi la trilogia de L’Arcipelago Gulag.
L’Occidente lo accolse a braccia aperte.
Fonte Apcom

Solzhenitsyn: oggi camera ardente all’Accademia delle Scienze a Mosca

MOSCA – Sara’ esposta oggi nella sede centrale dell’Accademia delle Scienze a Mosca la salma di Alexandr Solzhenitsyn, lo scrittore-dissidente che rivelo’ al mondo la tragedia dei gulag staliniani. La camera ardente per l’estremo saluto dei concittadini iniziera’ alle 11 (ora locale) e terminera’ in serata. (Agr)

da corriere della sera 5 agosto 2008

International friends can read this

Solzhenitsyn, the conscience of Russia, who told the truth about the gulags – and so signed the death warrant of Bolshevism

Mail writer OWEN MATTHEWS’ grandfather was executed by Stalin, and his grandmother was sent to the death camps. Here he offers a unique insight into how Alexander Solzhenitzyn, who died this week, captured the terrible reality of the gulags.

For decades, the Soviet Communist Party claimed to be the ‘mind, honour and conscience of the people’.

But the truth was that the Party was the agent of unimaginable human suffering, lies and deception.

The true conscience of Russia was Alexander Solzhenitsyn – the man who dared to speak out against the regime and chronicled its crimes in painstaking detail.

And in insisting that the Russian people ‘live not by lies’, Solzhenitsyn made a tiny but deep fissure in the wall of hypocrisy which was, in time, to crack the whole rotten system apart.

The truth Solzhenitsyn told helped to make Russia free.

As Mikhail Gorbachev yesterday acknowledged, Solzhenitsyn had ‘helped people see the real nature of the regime’ – and his writings had helped to ‘make our country free and democratic’.

Solzhenitsyn brought the terrible reality of the Soviet gulag home not just to foreigners but to ordinary Russians too.

In the bright, sanitised world of Soviet propaganda, Solzhenitsyn’s writing held a mirror to the Soviet Union’s darkest secrets.

He was to pay a heavy price for this.

After being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970 he was too famous to jail, yet his presence became too toxic for the authorities to bear.

He was forced on to a plane for America in 1974.

There, he retired to rural Vermont, where the winters reminded him of Russia.
But America, ‘land of the free’, was ironically to disillusion him as well, and he turned his indignation on the injustices of capitalism.

After two decades in exile, he returned to Russia in 1994 and was feted as an almost messianic figure.

It was here that Solzhenitsyn’s moral compass, so steady in the black and white world of Stalin’s Russia, began to waver.

But for all his hatred of the Communist Soviet Union, Solzhenitsyn found that he had no love for the capitalist Russia of the Nineties and what he saw as its decadent values.

He refused to accept a state prize from Boris Yeltsin because he had brought ‘so much suffering on the Russian people’.

Indeed, when Vladimir Putin – a former KGB officer – began to prune away the anarchic freedoms which Yeltsin had won, Solzhenitsyn hailed his ‘strong leadership’ and brushed aside Putin’s KGB past, saying: ‘Every country needs an intelligence service.’

Yesterday, Putin returned the compliment, lamenting Solzhenitsyn’s passing as a ‘heavy loss for Russia’.

Putin and Russia’s new president, Dmitry Medvedev, are expected to attend Solzhenitsyn’s funeral at Moscow’s Donskoi monastery today.
The strangeness of an ex-KGB officer paying tribute to Russia’s greatest dissident is a reflection of how conflicted Russia remains about its recent past – and in particular the legacy of Stalin.

He was the greatest mass murderer of the last century, starving millions in man-made famines and creating a prison system which claimed more lives than the Nazi death camps.

And yet recent polls have shown that Stalin is regarded as one of Russia’s most respected historical figures.

With the Kremlin’s blessing, school history books are being revised to show the ‘Great Leader’ in a more positive light, as the victor of World War II and the moderniser of Russia.

Putin even described the fall of the Soviet Union as ‘the greatest geopolitical tragedy of the century’.

Solzhenitsyn’s life was a refutation of that. The one constant in that life was that he was moved by a powerful, almost mystical, moral sense.

He felt compelled to speak out against what he felt was wrong, regardless of the consequences.
In his case, these injustices were eight years in the gulag, decades of harassment and denunciation by the Soviet authorities and the regime’s craven ‘intellectuals’ and, finally, 20 years of exile from the country which he loved with a passion.

His first crime was to criticise Stalin in a private letter to a friend in 1945.

When the military censor reported the letter to the secret police, Solzhenitsyn, then a young artillery captain twice decorated for valour, was sent, after a perfunctory trial, to Stalin’s nightmarish gulags.

Like 18 million of his fellow countrymen, he found himself plunged into a parallel world of unimaginable brutality, where prisoners slaved in the Siberian cold on madly futile projects like canals no one needed and train lines to nowhere.

Later he wrote of ‘the desperate loneliness of the accused, the confusion and dislocation, the fear and indignation of the men and women who were rapidly filling the Soviet Union’s jails’.

‘The whole apparatus threw its full weight on one lonely and uninhibited will,’ he recalled.

‘Brother mine! Do not condemn those who turned out to be weak and confessed to more than they should have. Do not be the first to cast a stone at them!’

Solzhenitsyn called Stalin’s prison system the Gulag Archipelago – like islands in a sea of frozen steppe, the barbed-wire fenced gulags were a state within the state.

After his release he penned a short story which described, in simple but devastating detail, one day in the life of a gulag inmate, Ivan Denisovich.

When it was published in 1962, during a brief post-Stalin thaw, One Day In The Life Of Ivan Denisovich caused a sensation.

The state had tried to airbrush Stalin’s gulags, purges and famines from history.

Solzhenitsyn spoke for the millions whose voices Stalin had silenced.

One of them was my mother’s father, Boris Lvovich Bibikov.

A devoted Bolshevik, Bibikov had received the Order of Lenin for his part in building the Kharkov Tractor Factory, one of the giant projects of the industrialisation drive of the Thirties.

But in the Great Purge of 1937, which Stalin launched against his real and imagined opponents, Bibikov found himself accused of crimes against the revolution.

He was tried by a secret court on evidence obtained under torture, and sentenced to death.

The usual method was ‘nine grams’, the weight of a pistol bullet, to the back of the head – my grandfather’s fate.
His wife, my grandmother, was sent to the gulag for 15 years as the wife of an ‘enemy of the people’.

His two daughters – my mother and aunt – were sent to an orphanage for re-education.

Some years ago I was given permission to read my grandfather’s secret police file.

It contained about 3lb of paper, the sheets carefully numbered and bound, with my grandfather’s name entered on the crumbling brown cover in curiously elaborate, copperplate script.

The file sat heavily in my lap, eerily malignant, and since the careful bureaucrats who compiled the file neglected to say where he was buried, this stack of paper is the closest thing to Boris Bibikov’s remains.

For the days I sat in the former KGB HQ in Kiev examining the file, Alexander Ponamaryev, a young officer of the Ukrainian security service sat with me, reading out passages of barely legible cursive script and explaining legal terms.

‘Your grandfather believed,’ said Ponamaryev.

‘But do you not think that his accusers believed also? Or the men who shot him?’

Solzhenitsyn once posed the same question.

‘If my life had turned out differently, might I myself not have become just such an executioner?’ he wrote in The Gulag Archipelago, his epic literary investigation of Stalin’s terror.
‘If only it was so simple! If only there were evil people somewhere insidiously committing evil deeds, and it were necessary only to separate them from the rest of us and destroy them.

But the line dividing good from evil cuts through the heart of every human being. And who is willing to destroy a piece of their own heart?’

Solzhenitsyn’s persecutors, like my grandfather’s, were driven by the same motivations as their victims.

When people become the building blocks of history, intelligent men can abdicate moral responsibility.

Indeed the Purge – in Russian, chistka or ‘cleaning’ – was something heroic to those who made it, just as the building of the great factory was heroic to Bibikov.

The difference was that my grandfather made his personal revolution in physical bricks and concrete, whereas the secret police’s bricks were class enemies, every one sent to the execution chamber another building-block in the great edifice of socialism.

This was the true, dark genius behind Stalinism – a genius which Solzhenitsyn describes in terrifying detail. Not simply to put two strangers – executioner and victim – into a room and convince one to kill the other, but to convince both that this murder served a higher purpose.

This can happen only when a man becomes a political commodity, a unit in a calculation, his life and death to be planned and disposed of like a ton of steel or a truckload of bricks.

The men drawn to serve in the Soviet secret police, in the words of its founder Felix Dzerzhinsky, could either be saints or scoundrels – and clearly the service attracted more than its fair share of sadists and psychopaths.

But they were not aliens, but Russian men, made of the same tissue and fed by the same blood as their victims.

‘Where did this wolf tribe appear from among our own people?’ asked Solzhenitsyn. ‘Does it really stem from our own roots? Our own blood? It is ours.’

This question – how to cope with the beast in man – gives Solzhenitsyn’s writing not just its moral seriousness but its drama, too.

His stories are about men and women forced to make terrible choices.

In the process they occasionally find a kind of greatness and redemption in small acts of kindness or in tiny, private episodes of heroism.

At his best, Solzhenitsyn, like Tolstoy, described the hidden, tragic lives of his characters played out against a background of Russian squalor and casual brutality.

But for all his greatness and importance in bringing down the Soviet Union, by the time of his death Solzhenitsyn had become an irrelevance to the thrusting, new, oil-rich Russia of Vladimir Putin.

In that lies a tragedy because Russia has swung back from its infatuation with wild capitalism into a longing for authority and order.

Solzhenitsyn, once an idealistic Communist, understood better than most how power can pervert men and ideas.

He saw himself as a prophet not just for Russia but for all mankind, and in his later years turned to denouncing the corruptions of Russia’s chaotic brand of freedom and the dangers of liberalism.

But for all his unfashionable conservatism, he believed adamantly in the value of human dignity – and that a state abdicated all moral authority to order society if it abused its citizens.

For all its wealth, Russia remains mired in corruption and injustice. With Solzhenitsyn’s death it has lost its conscience, and is a poorer place for it.

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