Ecco le bufale circolate sull’8 marzo, Festa della Donna 2016
si riporta un articolo pubblicato su Giornalettismo che vale la pena leggere…
Festa della donna anche quest’anno si festeggia la Giornata Internazionale delle donne (detta Festa della Donna ), ma sappiamo davvero di cosa si tratta? Nemmeno l’8 marzo, la Festa della Donna, infatti ha trovato scampo dalle bufale. E in un tempo remoto, quando in pochi utilizzavano il telefono e Internet non esisteva affatto, la Festa della Donna aveva una storia del tutto diversa rispetto a quella che oggi siamo abituati a conoscere. Nei decenni scorsi sono infatti circolate versioni inesatte sulle origini della giornata internazionale che ricorda le conquiste sociali del mondo femminile, celebrata per la prima volta in America nel 1909 e in Italia nel 1922. Insomma, prima di celebrare la festa della donna, vediamo di conoscere le origini di una giornata nata per denunciare, più che per festeggiare.
FESTA DELLA DONNA E 8 MARZO, LE BUFALE
La confusione è nata da fantasioni versioni sulla ricorrenza sorte nel dopoguerra. Secondo queste versioni la Festa della Donna sarebbe stata introdotta per ricordare la morte di alcune centinaia di operaie nel rogo di una fabbrica di camicie, in realtà inesistente, avvenuto nel 1908 a New York. Probabilmente questa versione fa confusione con una simile tragedia avvenuta nel 1911 sempre a New York, l’incendio alla fabbrica Triangle, che causò la morte di 146 lavoratori, nella stragrande maggioranza donne, molte delle quali giovani immigrate. Ma un’altra fantasiosa versione sulla Festa della Donna è anche quella che riguarda una repressione violenta della polizia delle proteste nel corso di una presunta manifestazione di operaie tessili avvenuta, ancora a New York, nel 1857. Altra confusione, infine, è stata fatta dal racconto di scioperi o incidenti che sarebbero avvenuti in diverse città degli Stati Uniti, a New York come a Chicago o Boston.
FESTA DELLA DONNA 8 MARZO, LA STORIA
La prima giornata internazionale della donna, denominata ‘Woman’s Day’ ebbe luogo a New York il 3 maggio del 1908. Era in realtà una conferenza organizzata dalla socialista Corinne Brown, nella quale si discusse di sfruttamento del lavoro e discriminazioni sessuali nei confronti delle donne. La prima vera e propria Festa della Donna fu celebrata il 23 febbraio dell’anno seguente. Dopo la conferenza di Copenhagen del 1910, poi, molti paesi aderirono alla giornata del diritto femminile. Lo fecero anche la Germania, l’Austria, la Svizzera e la Danimarca che istituirono i festeggiamenti per la prima volta il 19 marzo 1911. In Francia la Festa della Donna si tenne invece il 18 marzo 1911. In Italia la Giornata internazionale della donna è arrivata solo nel 1922, per iniziativa del Partito Comunista. Fu celebrata inizialmente il 12 marzo, la prima domenica successiva all’8 marzo (l’8 marzo 1917 a San Pietroburgo le donne della capitale russa guidarono una grande manifestazione che rivendicava la fine della guerra).Il 14 giugno del 1921 fu la seconda Conferenza internazionale delle donne comuniste, a Mosca, a stabilire l’8 marzo come ‘Giornata internazionale dell’operaia’.
FESTA DELLA DONNA IL MOTIVO DELLE BUFALE
In occasione della Festa della donna vogliamo scoprire perché tante bufale sono state “confezionate” sulla giornata internazionale della donna. Gli storici sono infatti divisi sul tema: tuttavia si pensa che la “colpa” sia della seconda guerra mondiale, avvenuta dopo l’introduzione della giornata internazionale della donna, che per certi versi ne ha “cancellato” l’esordio. Così si è fornita una ricostruzione storico-simobolica molto forte, che come tutte le leggende metropolitane è arrivata fino a oggi, alla festa della donna, come storia “assodata” anche se falsa. Solo il lavoro storiografico delle stesse femministe ha permesso di determinare la verità. Insomma, buona festa della donna , ora che ne conoscete le origini.
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Si tratta di :news
NEW YORK (CBS) After three seasons “Saving Grace” aired its series finale on Monday night with two back-to-back episodes. The gritty TNT series, starring Oscar-winning actress Holly Hunter as Grace Hanadarko, portrayed a flawed Oklahoma cop with a dark side and a last-chance angel named Earl, played by Leon Rippy. Pictures: Holly Hunter If you came into the final episode thinking it would be a happy, uneventful send-off, think again. Officer Grace didn’t have the happy ending we had hoped for. Her journey was full circle as the series culiminated, with her finally getting the chance to rid the town of one more evil figure, even if it meant losing her life. Grace, for better or worse, dies in the final episode. Did evil win, then? Not so likely. Grace took the final step and her life’s calling in this world was fulfilled. This was her ultimate battle. She may have died trying to prevent another major terrorist plot or a mass-killing of many people, but maybe her rationale is that if she takes her life ,she can save the lives of many other people. So in the end, the show’s title lived up to the final showdown. Grace, although taking her own life, did in fact become the “Saving Grace” for the people around her. And that’s a pretty divine way to go out.